Tips: Basic First Aid Knowledge

FIRST AID TREATMENT is essentially helpful as it helps to minimise the long-term effect of an accident. However, if you are not confident to do any of these procedures, or you are not sure of what to do, then do not hesitate to call for emergency medical help.

BURNS

What to do:

Put out the fire or remove the person’s contact from the source of fire.

If the flames are on the clothes, or if it is quite big, you may want to help the person drop on the ground and roll to put out the flames.

Remove any material that can burn the person, such as jewelries.

For minor burns, you need to cool the area by running it under cold water. Do not break blisters if there are any.

For burns that are quite extensive and may have gone beyond the skin, bring the person immediately to an emergency facility.

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FALLS

What to do:

Do not force the person who fell to stand up. Check his consciousness level. Is he unconscious, awake and alert, or drowsy? See any visible injury? You should call for help immediately if he has any of the following:

• Loss of consciousness before or after the fall

• Any injury

• Dizziness or nausea

• Weakness or unsteadiness

• Headache or visual problems

• Drowsiness

SPRAINS

What to do:

Control the swelling by resting the affected area. Place ice on a towel and place over the swelling.

Elastic bandage can be placed over the swelling but make sure it is not too tight.

Pain medications such as paracetamol or NSAIDs can be given.

See a doctor if there is a “pop-ping” sound with the injury, inability to move the injured area, numbness, significant swelling, or cuts, or if the person develops a fever.

CUTS

What to do:

Stop the bleeding by applying direct pressure over the area.

Clean cut with soap and water.

Apply antibiotic ointment or antiseptic over the area.

Cover the cut with a bandage or gauze.

Bring the patient to a doctor if the bleeding is uncontrolled or the wound is big, it might not have been cleaned by washing, or if it needs to be sutured (tahiin).

You also need to bring the patient to a doctor if the cut was due to an animal bite.

POISONING

What to do:

Call emergency medical help and follow the instructions given. It is very helpful if you know what the person has ingested / eaten.

You also need bring the patient to the emergency department as soon as possible.

Fifth-graders learn Red Cross skills to save a choking victim

Fifth-graders learn Red Cross skills to save a choking victim

CHOKING OR SUFFOCATION

What to do:

You can give back blows: using the heel of your hand, hit the person on his back, between the shoulder blades.

If unsuccessful, you may do abdominal thrusts. Warning: This procedure may be done only on non-obese or non-pregnant persons.

CPR may be needed if the person is not breathing or has become unconscious. In this case, you need to call for emergency medical help.

If you are interested to know more about first aid treatment and CPR, there are training centers that provide first aid courses that may be very helpful to all of us or you may visit https://www.redcross.sg/learn/first-aid.html.

Emergency Numbers

Emergency Fire / Ambulance: 995

Non-emergency Ambulance: 1777

Police Emergency: 999

Fire Hazard Reporting: 1800 280 0000

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text Dr. Suzette De Leon, MD

text Dr. Suzette De Leon, MD

Photo Credit: FaFulanita via morguefile.com


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